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  • August 09, 2021 11:51 | Anonymous

    By Scott Nelson

    Rudy Froeschle from Hazen, ND, was a B-17 driver with the United States Eighth Air Force in England during World War II. After flying several missions bombing the Nazis, he and his crew were unfortunately shot down and became a guest of the same ones he was bombing. Froeschle ended up in Stalag Luft III and played a small part in the famous escape that was made into a movie after the war, The Great Escape. Froeschle was not portrayed in the movie but the trombone he had in the prisoner of war camp was. Rudy had requested it through the International YMCA for a band they were putting together. The trombone disappeared and was used as an important component of a still to make liquor. Later on, it became a part of the movie.

    After liberation and the end of the war, Rudy was receiving his military separation papers at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, TX. The servicemen were in a large hall. In one corner of the hall was a surplus administration desk. Rudy approached the desk and asked what he could get. He was able to get papers to purchase a Fairchild PT-26 for $600, used as a Canadian instrument trainer, a Stinson Reliant for $1200, used to transport generals and other individuals of significance, and a B-17 for $350, which could only be used for monumental or educational purposes.

    When Rudy got back to his home town of Hazen, he met with the school board and told them about the great deal they could get buying the B-17 for educational purposes. Rudy offered to fly it in for them. The school board decided to buy the bomber. It took longer than expected for the paperwork to come together and Rudy was already in Chicago starting medical school, so Lyle Benz of Hazen, who was also a veteran WWII pilot, offered to get the plane.


    Lyle and his brother, John, went to Altus, OK, to gas up and add oil to the B-17 engines that had been “pickled” at the end of the war, when they were placed in storage. Lyle removed the cowling from each of the four engines, and with John’s help pulled the plugs and cleaned them. There was no radio equipment on the plane, so they knew they would have to fly VFR. When they departed Atlus, the weather bureau forecasted clear weather. After flying for a while, they ran into clouds and climbed above them. The weather ahead seemed to be getting worse, with the clouds rising to 20,000 feet. The Benz brothers decided to turn around. The nearest airfield they sighted was at Perry, OK. The brothers landed the B-17 and caught rides back to North Dakota to raise money for more gas and oil, before going back for the Fortress. The number three engine had lost a lot of oil, so they had to fill it back up. After refueling, the brothers took off for Dickinson before delivering it to Hazen.

    When they arrived at Dickinson, the number three engine was smoking badly and the local police came to the airport to make sure they were OK. They knew they would lose oil on the way, so they added more oil before heading to Hazen a few days later.

    It was a calm day when the Benz brothers roared over Hazen and landed in a pasture just south of town. The ground was softer than expected and the plane’s wheels sank in the sod and nosed over, bending the prop tips on the number two engine. The whole town had turned out to see the landing and a bunch of the high school boys were able to pull the bomber’s tail back down.


    The plane sat in that spot for several years as kind of a memorial to WWII. It is not known if it ever was used for educational purposes, but people would crawl through the plane and scavenge parts. In 1951, several men came and started working on the plane. They took the number two prop to Herman Mayer, the town blacksmith, and he did an excellent job pounding the blades back in shape. 

    One winter morning, when the ground was frozen and a 40 mile an hour wind was blowing from the northwest, these same men turned the plane into the wind, and with no one to witness it, flew away from Hazen.

    About five years after the B-17 left Hazen, Rudy Froeschle was practicing medicine in Tioga, ND. One day, he treated a pilot who had been in a plane accident while crop dusting. It turned out to be the man who flew the B-17 from Hazen. Rudy found out the plane had been delivered to a buyer in Florida, who equipped it for aerial photography.

    After several years, it was sold to a Canadian company who used it for aerial photography all over the world. It changed hands several times while in this capacity. In its next life, from 1971 to 1982, the B-17 was outfitted with slurry tanks and served as a fire bomber in South Dakota and New Mexico. The bomber was retired and displayed at the Pima Air Museum in Arizona from 1982 to 1984. In 1984, it was purchased by the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C. and stored in an open hangar at the Dulles International Airport.

    In 2011, the plane was donated to the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force in Pooler, GA. Extensive restoration was started and the plane was brought back to its original glory as the famous B-17, “City of Savannah.” It is now the centerpiece of the museum and considered the finest B-17 Fortress static display in the world.


    Sources: Article from the Hazen Star, 13 Nov. 2008 by Chris Gessele. Warbirdregistry.org B-17 44-83814 Book, B17 Flying Fortress Restoration by Jerome McLaughlin. 


  • August 09, 2021 11:45 | Anonymous

    The Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center

    The Interpretive Center explains how the Washburn area was once the crossroads of culture and commerce on the Northern Plains. There lived the Mandan and Hidatsa peoples, who were visited for generations by traders, trappers, and explorers such as Lewis and Clark. A short drive away stands a full-size replica of Fort Mandan, where you can get a first-hand experience of what the Corps of Discovery’s life was like. 

    Hours: Open daily 9am-5pm

    Address: 2576 8th St SW, Washburn, ND 58577 

    Website: www.parkrec.nd.gov/lewis-clark-interpretive-center


    Cross Ranch State Park

    A 5,000-acre nature preserve across the river from the town of Washburn. The annual bluegrass festival and quiet camping – including yurts – are available there.

    Hours: Sun to Thurs 8am-4:30pm, Fri and Sat 8am-8pm

    Address: 1403 River Rd, Center, ND 58530 

    Website: www.parkrec.nd.gov/cross-ranch-state-park


    If you work up an appetite while exploring Washburn, here are a few dining recommendations:

    Cafe 77 & Coffee Bar - a cozy little cafe with a highly-ranked coffee bar and breakfast. 

    Hours: Tues to Fri 8am-3pm, Sat and Sun 9am-3pm 

    Address: 601 Main Ave, Washburn, ND 58577 

    Website: www.facebook.com/cafe77washburn

    Captain’s Cabin Bar & Grill - Daily specials, with hand cut ribeye and prime rib Friday and Saturday nights. Dine in, carryout, and curbside pick up options. 

    Hours: Sun to Fri 11am-1am, Sat 11am-10pm 

    Address: 1608 Dakota Dr, Washburn, ND 58577

    Website: www.facebook.com/captainscabin701


    Please visit these locations’ websites to confirm hours and availability. And don’t forget, the Fly-ND Summerfest Fly-In is happening at the Washburn Airport on August 19, including the golf tournament! 

    Do you have a favorite attraction to explore or a dining recommendation at your North Dakota airport to share with our readers? 

    Submit your discoveries to editor@fly-nd.com

  • August 09, 2021 11:40 | Anonymous

    The following are the opinions and views I personally follow as an aviator.  

    Fact: our safety culture, although very robust and ever changing, is very slow to accept that change. Slowly we learn from the mistakes of others and slowly our thoughts on safety and what we really need to do to be safer are progressing towards the zero accident mark, but are we really committing ourselves to the fact that training is what makes us safer?

    For years, the professional pilots in the airline and commercial world of aviation have flown through day-to-day operations in some of the most volatile airspace in the world. The cost for surviving these challenges? Training, crew coordination, and critical thinking, as applied to routing and operations, has increased their level of safety to a point only falling short to human error and the pilot’s personal management of that daily process of flight.

    Some concepts I would like to bring forward for your thoughts during your next flight or training lesson:

    Training involves you and a Certified Flight Instructor (CFI) sitting down and actually discussing what you feel needs to be worked on, with regards to your flying abilities. As the training flight progresses, the CFI then notes and makes a plan with you for correcting any issues found during that flight. Keep in mind that meeting the ACS/PTS standard is only a minimum standard. If you have a bad day, there won’t be enough ability in your bag of tricks to survive your upcoming battle with gravity, which almost always wins!

    A Flight Review is just that, a review! Every two years, we go into the local Fixed Base Operator (FBO), grab a CFI, and for an hour or so on the ground and an hour in the air we expect to be signed off as being reviewed.

    There is no such thing as a one hour review flight, nor is there such as a one hour ground review training session. Back in 1997, when the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) worked with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to revise 14 CFR Part 61.56, the intended outcome was that the CFIs would cover all the areas of concern and discipline with the aircraft that would keep you, the airman, on track and proficient (key word here, PROFICIENT). The WINGS Program was developed due to the evident shortfall of the review process and maximized its effort, by working with the CFIs to get their review process on track with the rules intent and not just rule satisfaction.

    The following short list of topics must be a part of your yearly training if the accident rate is to decline:

    Loss of Control (LOC)

    Number one on the list of accidents causal factors. Refers to aircraft accidents that result from situations in which a pilot should have maintained (or should have regained) aircraft control, but failed to do so.

    Pilot Proficiency

    Conditions exceeding personal skill limitations can present themselves at any time and can occur unexpectedly. Pilots should be able to avoid being startled, make appropriate decisions in a timely manner, and be able to exercise skills at a proficiency level they may not have maintained or attained since acquired during initial training. 

    Traffic Pattern Operations 

    LOC accidents often occur while pilots are maneuvering at low altitude and airspeed, such as in an airport traffic pattern. Pilots should adopt, and flight instructors should promote, training programs designed to reduce the risk of General Aviation (GA) accidents in the traffic pattern or during traffic pattern operations. 

    Airspeed control outside of that normally required for the type of operation must be analyzed, trained, and perfected to reduce the risk.

    Stabilized Approaches 

    Glidepath, heading, airspeed, configuration, rate of descent, power settings, and checklist usage must all be a part of this training

    IFR/IMC 

    Even Visual Flight Rules (VFR) pilots should be training for Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC), as inadvertent IMC is another top six accident causal factor.

    Manual Flight after Automation Failure Airmanship!! 

    Practice does make perfect, hands on, perfect!  Pilots need to know their equipment, in particular the aircraft limitations, configuration limits, electronics, and safety of flight data provided by the manufacturer. 

       A particular aircraft make and model is by design until it is altered. Review all Supplemental Type Certificates (STC), Type Certificate Data Sheets (TCDS), and Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) data for every aircraft you fly.  


    How do we define Airmanship? 

    Airmanship is the consistent use of good judgment and well-​developed skills to accomplish flight objectives. 


    And finally… Each year, the Commercial Aviation industry invests billions of dollars in training and safety programs. Each year, you, as an airman, should plan to invest the time and dollars necessary to train through the safety of flight issues we see in General Aviation accidents. 

    Safety is a motivated action which requires attention, skill, and refreshment throughout time.

    Fly Safe!

    By Jay M. Flowers, Safety Educator, Airline Transport Pilot, CFI, and Fellow Aviator



  • August 09, 2021 11:36 | Anonymous

    Three young aviation enthusiasts were recently awarded the North Dakota Professional Aviation Mechanics Association (NDPAMA) scholarships. Rod Brekken, the NDPAMA Scholarship Awards Coordinator presented them. The recipients are:



    Tyler Hupp from Lake Area Technical College in Watertown, SD. He was awarded a $1500 scholarship and Bismarck Aero Center/NDPAMA jacket.



    Keaton Shelton from Northland Community Technical College at Thief River Falls, MN. He received a $1750 scholarship and a Gordon Person/NDPAMA Jacket.



    Nick Zingraf from Northland Community Technical College, MN. He received a $1500 scholarship and an Aviation Industry Partners/NDPAMA jacket.

    Congratulations to these scholarship recipients and happy flying!


  • August 09, 2021 11:18 | Anonymous

    By Kyle Wanner, Executive Director

    The North Dakota Aeronautics Commission (NDAC) recently finalized approximately $5 million in state infrastructure grant allocations to multiple public airports throughout North Dakota. The 102 individual projects received grant awards at 53 different public-use airports throughout the state.  

    A majority of the grant allocations are made possible from the NDAC’s Special Fund, where the primary revenue source is derived from state tax collections on aviation fuel and aircraft sales. These grants are critical in maintaining the needed infrastructure to support our aviation industry, which is a major contributor to the state’s economy and standard of living.

    These state airport grant allocations will help to supplement the funding of high priority airport projects within North Dakota while at the same time ensuring that our statewide aviation system is being maintained.  These projects will also help to create jobs within our communities and will greatly assist our airports as they work to help our economy rebound from the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Provided on this page is a listing of each of the public airports that received a state grant along with a description of at least one of their funded projects. A full listing of the airport grants and dollar amounts can also be found in the news section on the Aeronautics Commission website. 

    Congratulations to all of the communities on their grant awards! 

    Commercial Airport Grant Awards:

    Bismarck | Terminal Security Camera Upgrades

    Devils Lake | Replace Radio Controller for Lighting

    Dickinson | Runway 14/32 NAVAID Construction

    Fargo | Acquire Snow Removal Equipment

    Minot | Pavement Maintenance


    General Aviation Grant Awards:

    Ashley | Pavement Maintenance

    Beach | Pavement Maintenance

    Beulah | Pavement Maintenance

    Bottineau | Pavement Maintenance

    Carrington | Pavement Maintenance

    Casselton | Pavement Maintenance

    Cavalier | Pavement Maintenance

    Crosby | Construct Snow Removal Equipment Building

    Drayton | Pavement Maintenance

    Ellendale | Pavement Maintenance

    Enderlin | Tree Obstruction Removal

    Fessenden | Purchase Airport Maintenance Trailer

    Garrison | Pavement Maintenance

    Grafton | Pavement Maintenance

    Hazen | Taxiway and Apron Rehabilitation

    Hettinger | Reconstruct Parallel Taxiway

    Hillsboro | Construct Community Hangars 

    Killdeer | Pavement Maintenance

    Kulm | Purchase Box Scraper

    LaMoure | Apron Rehabilitation

    Langdon | Pavement Maintenance

    Larimore | Pavement Maintenance

    Leeds | Purchase Terminal Building

    Lidgerwood | Design Medivac Helipad

    Linton | Reconstruct Airport Lighting

    Maddock | Design Airport Lighting

    Mandan | Fuel System Upgrade

    Mayville | Pavement Maintenance

    Milnor | Runway Grading

    Minto | Apron & Taxiway Drainage Improvements

    Mohall | Pavement Maintenance

    Napoleon | Pave Taxilane & Relocate Access Road

    New Rockford | Pavement Maintenance 

    New Town | Construct Community Hangar

    Northwood | Pavement Maintenance

    Park River | Tree Obstruction Removal

    Rolla | Update Fuel System Card Reader

    Rugby | Pavement Maintenance

    Stanley | Purchase Snow Removal Equipment Building

    St. Thomas | Replace Air to Ground Radio Antenna

    Tioga | Runway Lighting Repairs

    Valley City | Replace Jet A & 100LL Fuel Systems

    Wahpeton | Apron Rehabilitation

    Washburn | Construct Concrete Apron

    Watford City | Purchase Snow Removal Equipment

    Westhope | Runway Lighting Construction

    Wishek | Airport Lighting System Repairs 

  • August 09, 2021 11:12 | Anonymous

    Do you have a family member or friend who is:

    • An active duty or retired military member

    • Works or worked in military aviation

    • A North Dakota resident

    We plan to highlight our local service members in upcoming Quarterly issues! Email editor@fly-nd.com for more information.


  • August 09, 2021 11:03 | Anonymous

    The aviation industry has a spot for YOU!

    A rewarding career in aviation doesn't only mean being a pilot...

    Register for the FREE Fly-ND Career Expo to see what your future could look like in management, air traffic control, weather planning, flight operations, maintenance, engineering, unmanned aircraft systems, space studies and so much more!

    Wednesday, October 6th, 2021 | 9am-2pm

    Dakota Territory Air Museum | Minot, ND

    Scholarship Opportunities!

    Register FREE Here!



  • August 09, 2021 10:52 | Anonymous

    Although COVID-19 may have slowed down the hiring of pilots, we are now seeing the effects of the pilot shortage once again. Earlier this summer, we saw flights being cancelled due to lack of crew and I am seeing signs of the commercial airlines hiring at a faster than pre-COVID rate. As I have mentioned in previous articles, it isn’t just the pilots; as the industry grows, we need mechanics, air traffic controllers, engineers, and other non-flying positions.

    To help students find their spot in our industry, the North Dakota Aviation Association (NDAA) held its first Aviation Career Expo in Fargo, just before school ended in May. The event was a success with more than 100 students attending and learning about all the career opportunities in aviation. Thank you to all the exhibitors, presenters, and organizers who volunteered their time to make this event a great day. To top it off, THANK YOU to the generous donors who enabled nearly $15,000 worth of scholarships to be awarded to students wishing to pursue education in these high-need areas.

    While at the Career Expo, the NDAA board voted to continue the momentum and get back on track with an annual fall Career Expo. Planning has already begun, and I am excited to see what we can provide to the students in western North Dakota on October 6, at the Dakota Territory Air Museum in Minot. It is looking like we will have double the students that attended in Fargo! See page 37 for details.

    I look forward to the upcoming event, knowing that students will be inspired by the guest speakers that we have lined up, will have lots of time to network with passionate industry representatives, and will hopefully leave with an aviation scholarship. I hope that you will consider supporting the event. Financial contributions to the NDAA Scholarship Fund allow the Association to award more students with scholarships, easing the financial burden for a young aviation enthusiast. For the event to be a success, we also need static displays of aircraft and exhibitors. 






    For more information about how you can help, or to sign up, visit: www.fly-nd.com/Career-Expo or email: expo@fly-nd.com 


  • August 09, 2021 10:47 | Anonymous

    Fargo Air Museum is launched a new flight simulator lab open to the public on June 17. 

    Featuring two sets of controls – a yoke and joystick –with the option of virtual reality, pilots and aspiring aviators will be able to take to the sky virtually anywhere in the world. Individuals are able to choose from more than 30 aircraft to fly. Flights can be adjusted to depart and land in various destinations all while the user experiences real-time weather and air traffic conditions.

    General public can purchase access to the flight simulator lab for $10 per 15 minute session. Fargo Air Museum members receive one free hour along with a subsequent discounted rate of $5 per session. Availability is limited for the lab with only two to three hours per day. Interested individuals are encouraged to register for their session in advance via at www.fargoairmuseum.org.

    The opening of the flight simulator lab is thanks in part to the North Dakota Main Street Grant Initiative and the Warren R. and Irene O. Diederich Fund.


    Flight simulator lab hours:

    Tuesday and Thursday 11am - 2pm  |  Wednesday 3pm - 5pm

    Saturday 11am - 2pm  |  Sunday 10am - 1pm     

  • August 09, 2021 10:40 | Anonymous

    Join today for $25 here!

    NDAA Membership Benefits

    All Member Types of the organization will have the opportunity to participate in and benefit from the following items: 

    • Fly-ND Quarterly subscription
    • Network with other aviation enthusiasts and industry partners, 
    • Invest in the future of Aviation in ND
    • Advocacy and lobbying efforts which benefit the aviation industry 
    • “Regional Voice” through representation on other boards and other advocacy
    • Collaborate with other member groups
    • Help student members to fuel aviation for tomorrow
    • Protect aviation in North Dakota
    • Opportunity for committee involvement – Conference, Advocacy, Strategic Planning, etc.
    • Communicate concerns or issues to the board and organization
    • Information focus on website, jobs, blogs, advertising, etc.
    • Stay informed on aviation – related issues through regular communication
    • Participate in NDAA events and functions

    Individual Member category is intended for those with personal or employment interest in the aviation profession or industry and who support the purpose of NDAA. 

    • Member discounts from participating business partners
    • Member discounts from participating North Dakota aviation museums
    • IA renewals through ND PAMA at the Fly-ND Annual Conference 
    • Ability to vote at the NDAA annual meeting to elect officers, update bylaws, and vote on large issues and run for office and/or board position


    Organizational Member category is intended for agencies and non-profit groups whose mission serves the aviation professions, industries, and supports the purpose of NDAA.

    • Special Priority at the Fly-ND Annual Conference (Including hosting training opportunities, discounted booths, meeting rooms, and award recognition) 
    • Representation and link on the NDAA Fly-ND website
    • Assistance with distribution of your organization’s information and dues processing
    • Organization member websites and logos are advertised on NDAA website and at the Fly-ND Conference
    • Ability to submit articles for the Fly-ND Quarterly regarding organizational updates


    Allied Member category is intended for firms, companies, and consultants who are actively engaged in providing products and/or services to aviation professions, and companies who support the purpose of NDAA. Allied members do not have voting rights. 

    • Listed in Fly-ND Quarterly and website as an Allied Member
    • Certificate of Membership
    • Opportunity for collaborative involvement in aerospace advocacy
    • Network with the aviation community as well as participate in the Career Expo and other NDAA functions
    • Advertise open job opportunities


    Student Member category is intended for individuals enrolled in an institution of higher learning who have a keen interest in aviation and support the purpose of NDAA. Student Members are not entitled to vote or hold a board position.

    • Explore all facets of aviation 
    • Eligible for scholarships
    • Professional development credits
    • Member discounts from participating North Dakota aviation museums
    • Complimentary attendance at the annual conference
    • Networking opportunities
    • Mentorship & training
    • Career advancement through job boards
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Bismarck, ND 58507

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